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Research Highlight

Meloidogyne incognita: A Devastating Plant Parasitic Nematode

Abbasi
Section of Plant Pathology and Nematology, Department of Botany, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, 202002, India


Agriculture sector depends heavily on its major crops that play a very pivotal role in the economy of the country and its development. Many pests and pathogens attack the crops and cause serious infections and diseases which deteriorate the quality of crops and lead towards the poor yield.

Root-knot nematode scientifically known as Meloidogyne incognita is a plant-parasitic nematode which is a potential threat for more than 2000 plant speices1. M. incognita invades plants and infects the roots of many cultivated crops which lead to a significant yield loss2. It causes various metabolic alterations in the host. These alterations may occur at the cellular, physiological as well as the biochemical level that ultimately affect proper growth and development of the plant.

Moreover, Meloidogyne infection can induce changes in the concentration of chlorophyll pigment, protein, and oil contents3. This pathogen is also reported to lessen the photosynthetic rates in tomato and bean leaves4.

In addition, scientists found that protein contents and quantity of free amino acids get reduced while on the other hand, amides show amplification after inoculation of this pathogen into susceptible as well as resistant cultivars5.

Considering this situation, scientists decided to design new research in order to evaluate the consequence of different initial population densities of Meloidogyne incognita on growth as well as biochemical parameters of leguminous plant mung bean (Vigna radiate) under greenhouse conditions. For this purpose, research team inoculated the root-knot nematode in the tested plant at different inoculums levels i.e., 0 (control), 200, 400, 800 and 1,600 at the rate of 1.5 kg of soil/pot6.

At the end of this experiment, scientists noticed a significant reduction in plant length, leaf area, fresh and dry weight, seed protein, chlorophyll, nitrogenase as well as leghaemoglobin contents in the root nodules, whereas at elevated inoculums levels the reduction was more obvious and significant. Moreover, the protein content also exhibited a major decline in the seeds of mung bean after inoculation with the nematode.

Conclusively, amplification in inoculums level of M. incognita leads towards a progressive decrease in growth as well as biochemical parameters of the crop. This research will help other researchers to assess the nature of damage due to this nematode and to plan a valid strategy for its integrated management.

REFERENCES

  1. Mangala, R. and S. Mauria, 2006. Handbook of Agriculture: Facts and Figures for Farmers, Students and all Interested in Farming. 6th Edn., Directorate of Information and Publications of Agriculture, Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), New Delhi, India, Pages: 1346.
  2. Trudgill, D.L. and V.C. Blok, 2001. Apomictic, polyphagous root-knot nematodes: Exceptionally successful and damaging biotrophic root pathogens. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol., 39: 53-77
  3. Vashishth, K., M. Fazal, M. Imran, M.M.A. Raza and Z.A. Siddiqui, 1994. Morphological and biochemical response of blackgram cultivars of Meloidogyne incognita. Ann. Plant Prot. Sci., 2: 13-18.
  4. Loveys, B.R. and A.F. Bird, 1973. The influence of nematodes on photosynthesis in tomato plants. Physiol. Plant Pathol., 3: 525-529
  5. Mohanty, K.C. and A.K. Pradhan, 1989. Quantitative estimation of free aminoacids and amides in resistant and susceptible greengram varieties inoculated with root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita. Indian J. Nematol., 19: 74-76
  6. Abbasi and Hisamuddin, 2014. Effect of different inoculum levels of meloidogyne incognita on growth and biochemical parameters of Vigna radiate. Asian J. Nematol., 3: 15-20
 
How to cite this article:

Abbasi , 2020. Meloidogyne incognita: A Devastating Plant Parasitic Nematode. Asian Journal of Emerging Research, 2(4): 172-173.

DOI: 10.21124/AJERPK.2020.172.173

URL: http://acecollege.edu.pk/ajer/fulltext.php?artid=141